Demand for potable water increasing day by day due to population growth and industrialization. Water is an essential commodity on the earth surface for the survival of human being we cannot imagine our present on this planet in absence of water, so preservation, re-utilization, and recycling of potable water will be highly essential for us. Solar distiller unis are used to harvests the sun’s energy, rather than fossil fuels, to generate low-cost, low/zero-emission energy in the form of heating, for residential, commercial, and industrial sectors. Augmentation of nonmaterial in a solar still will enhance its overall efficiency. Fundamental concepts of different thermal energy storage technologies for energy conversion have been reported. Although the nonmaterial’s will boost the performance of solar distiller units in all cases it will be accompanied by certain challenges such as production cost, instability, agglomeration, and erosion. Most of the past studies are focused on the enhancement of thermal conductivity and heat capacity, but less attention has been given to the facing challenges. Extensive analysis for selection of nanomaterials for the different solar applications is not available. On the basis of the estimated values selection of the nanomaterials are not made by most of the researchers while utilizing it for the solar thermal application. It seems that technoeconomic optimization considering key parameters, particularly nanoparticle type, size, loading, and shape for enhancing the utilization of nonmaterial in different solar distiller units can give it widespread.
Audience take away:
• Application of nonmaterial will pave the way for enhancing the efficiency of solar distiller units.
• Techno-economic optimization considering key parameter will pave the way for its different target based applications. Another faculty could use it for expanding it with the background of nanomaterials. Augmentation of nanomaterials will boost the performance of several solar thermal devices.
• Provided information will improve the accuracy of a new design of solar thermal appliance augmented with the nonmaterial’s as it gives assistance for a section of raw material and more clear virtual thermal analysis.