Title : Design and simulations of a carbon-based microstrip antenna for THz frequency and its application for wireless communication
Wireless communication, medical imaging, and security screening are just a few of the applications for which terahertz (THz) technology has emerged as a promising contender. Due to the scarcity of suitable materials and the intrinsic properties of THz waves, the efficient design and execution of THz antennas remain a difficult task. In this study, a unique method for creating carbon-based THz microstrip antennas is presented. In order to get beyond the limits of conventional antenna materials at THz frequencies, the suggested antenna design takes advantage of the special features of carbon-based materials, such as graphene, carbon nanotubes, or carbon-based composites. These carbon-based materials are excellent options for THz antenna applications because of their superior conductivity, mechanical strength, and flexibility. The design, production, and characterization of a microstrip antenna that operates in the THz frequency range are the main topics of the study. The antenna's geometry, including its size, shape, and feed structure, is optimized during the design process to attain higher performance metrics including radiation efficiency, directivity, and band width. Electromagnetic solvers are used in simulation to analyze and validate the suggested antenna design. The simulations help to comprehend the radiation pattern, impedance matching, and overall performance of the carbon-based THz microstrip antenna's electromagnetic behavior. The carbon-based THz microstrip antenna is created utilizing cutting-edge manufacturing methods that are compatible with the chosen material in order to experimentally validate the design. The manufactured antenna is subsequently assessed using THz measurement systems, looking at important factors such the radiation pattern, gain, and reflection coefficient. The outcomes of both simulation and practical research show the potential of materials based on carbon for THz microstrip antenna design. In comparison to traditional designs, the carbon-based THz microstrip antenna displays better performance traits, including increased radiation efficiency, a wider bandwidth, and greater directivity.