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8th Edition of World Nanotechnology Conference

March 18-20, 2024

March 18 -20, 2024 | Singapore
World Nano 2020

Adeleke Abdulrahman Oyekanmi

Adeleke Abdulrahman Oyekanmi, Speaker at Nanoscience Conferences
Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Title : Characterization and optimization of batch adsorption study of pollutants parameters of POME using synthesized adsorbent media


Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is a high strength agro-allied wastewater containing both organic pollutants and heavy metals. The discharge of POME into the environment without adequate treatment contributes to diseases affecting humans and aquatic lives. However, there is the necessity to reduce the pollutants to a very low level of discharge to reduce the impact of the toxic effect of the pollutants on the environment and the aquatic population. The conventional approach for the treatment of POME is expensive compared to the method of adsorption. The method of adsorption has shown to be cost and time effective for research. Thus, the objective of this study was to prepare composite adsorbent from activated coconut shell carbon (ACSC), activated cow bone powder (ACBP) and zeolite for the treatment of POME using the optimum particle size obtained in a batch adsorption study. The characterization of the ACSC, ACBP and zeolite was obtained using pendant drop contact angle experiment. The result illustrated that the contact angles of the ACSC, ACBP and zeolite respectively were 105.20o, 95.70o and 25. 20o. The result of the contact angles showed that activated coconut shell carbon and activated cow bone powder were hydrophobic materials while the zeolite was hydrophilic. The investigation of the chemical composition of the materials using energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) indicated that the major elements of both ACSC and ACBP were predominantly C, Ca2+ and O and Si for zeolite and C, Si, O, Na, Mg, Ca and P as the major elements on the surface of the composite while the XRF showed that the composite contained CaO and SiO2 as the major compounds.

The optimal batch adsorption of COD and NH3-N was obtained at under fixed condition of pH 7, 105 minutes contact time at 150 rpm shaking speed and 150 μm particle size for ACSC, ACBP and zeolite. The prepared composite adsorbent contained functional groups of CH, C=C, C-O-C, OH using the Fourier transform irradiation (FT-IR) analysis. The optimal operation parameters of the adsorption process for the reduction of COD and NH3-N using the central composite design (RSM) was recorded at pH 10, 50 rpm of shaking speed for 2 h and by using 3 mm of composite particle size and 125 gL-1 of the adsorbent at initial concentration of POME of 1 ml per 500 ml volumetric flask. The results revealed that the investigated factors evidently induced the reduction of the parameters.


Dr. Adeleke Abdulrahman Oyekanmi is a research fellow at the School of Industrial technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia. His core expertise are in water and wastewater management by creating sustainable treatment technologies.  He is a researcher of repute with vast experiences in environmental management, pollution analysis, modelling and optimization of process variables for enhanced operational system. His expertise includes water quality assessment and prediction of surface and sub-surface storm water pollution using geographical information systems, modelling of water quality parameters, wastewater treatments and solid wastes management. His works on new processes development, mathematical modelling and optimization are well documented in reputable international journals in the web of sciences. His works have earned him numerous laurels and awards some of which include the winner of a silver medal in 2015 (Best Paper Research), silver medal in 2016 (Innovative Product Research) organized by the Office of Research, Innovation and Commercialization and Consultancy Service (ORICC), Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, He is a gold medallist (Environmental and Renewable Energy Category) at the 27th International Invention and Technology Exhibition (ITEX Malaysia) in 2016 and also a gold medal recipient at the Seoul International Invention Fair (SIFF South Korea). He is also a regular reviewer for high impact factor journals among which are Bioresource Technology, Journal of Cleaner Production, Journal of Water Processing Engineering, Journal of Chemical and Biotechnology, Journal of Oil Palm Research, Journal of soil and sediment, Heliyon. He is the recipient of the grand price as ‘the outstanding reviewer of the month’ of November 2018 for the Journal of Cleaner Production. He is an accomplished team player and a technocrat with problem solving skills and excellent service delivery across projects in environmental, civil and water engineering chain with the overriding aim of making impactful contribution towards ensuring safe, secured and sustainable environment.