Nanomaterials (NMs) are particles with less than 100 nanometers in at least one dimension and usually two dimensions. NMs have received much interest in recent years because of their unusual and fascinating features. Their structures differ from those of large-scale materials; thus, they are more complicated and diverse.
A biomaterial is a nonviable material that is utilized in a medical device and is meant to interact with biological systems. Tissue engineering, cancer therapy, medication and gene delivery, medical imaging, and many more biomedical applications use high-surface area, nano-sized (1-100 nm) biomaterial particles. A nano-biomaterial consists of a nanoparticle in its center, which is surrounded by monolayers of silica, which act as inert materials. The development of techniques to analyze and evaluate nanostructures and nanomaterials is as important as their manufacture and synthesis, along with their applications, in nanoscience and nanotechnology.