Title : Preclinical evaluation of the efficacy of peptide targeting chemotherapy for cancers
The purpose of this abstract was to assess the efficacy of peptide targeted chemotherapy for pancreatic carcinoma. Previously we have constructed four peptides that bind specifically to cancer cell lines, which were derived from three different carcinoma cell lines and their vascular endothelia: L-peptide: (L-P, anti-cancer cell membrane), RLLDTNRPLLPY; SP-94-P (anti-hepato-pancreatic cancer cell membrane), SFSHHTPILP; PC5-52-peptide (anti-tumor endothelia), SVSVGMKPSPRP; and control peptide, RLLDTNRGGGGG. These peptides were linked to pegylated liposomal iron oxide nanoparticles to identify the targeted tumor cells and vascular endothelia using MRI analysis, and were also linked to dextran coated liposomal doxorubicin (L-D) for treatment of non-obese diabetic, severe combined immunodeficiency (NOD-SCID) mice bearing pancreatic cancer cell (PANC-1) xenografts. Our results demonstrated that the tumor intensity of MRI is clearly decreased after SP-94-P-iron oxide was applied, and that in combination of application of L-P linked L-D (L-P-L-D) plus SP-94-P linked L-D (SP-94-P-L-D) and PC5-52-P linked L-D (PC5-52-P-L-D), they could inhibit pancreatic tumor growth with very mild adverse events. The use of the control peptide linked L-D also led to a decrease of the xenograft size, but also induced marked apoptotic change of their visceral organs. It is concluded that the combination of L-P-L-D, SP-94-P-L-D and PC5-52-P-L-D to treat pancreatic cancer xenograft in NOD SCID mice can clearly inhibit pancreatic cancer growth with minimal adverse events.
Audience take away:
Peptide-targeted MRI and chemotherapy